What are all the main holidays?

Holidays are deeply ingrained in the cultural, religious, and national identities of people worldwide. They serve as a time for celebration, reflection, and rest. Here’s a look at some of the main holidays celebrated in various countries and cultures around the world:

1. Christian Holidays:

Christmas (December 25): Celebrated by Christians around the world to mark the birth of Jesus Christ.

Easter Sunday: The culmination of the Passion of Jesus, observed with church services and feasting.

Good Friday: Commemorates the crucifixion of Jesus and his death.

2. Islamic Holidays:

Eid ul-Fitr: Celebrated at the end of Ramadan, a month of fasting.

Eid ul-Adha: Honors the willingness of Ibrahim to sacrifice his son as an act of obedience to God.

Ramadan: A month of fasting from dawn to sunset.

3. Jewish Holidays:

Passover (Pesach): Commemorates the liberation of the Israelites from Egyptian slavery.

Rosh Hashanah: The Jewish New Year.

Yom Kippur: Day of Atonement, a day of fasting and repentance.

4. Hindu Holidays:

Diwali: The festival of lights, marking the victory of light over darkness and good over evil.

Holi: A festival of colors and spring, celebrated with much enthusiasm and fun.

5. Buddhist Holidays:

Vesak (Buddha Day): Marks the birth, enlightenment, and death of the Buddha.

6. Secular Holidays:

New Year’s Day (January 1): Celebrated worldwide.

Valentine’s Day (February 14): A day to celebrate love and affection.

Halloween (October 31): A festive day of costumes, candies, and spooky tales.

Thanksgiving (fourth Thursday of November in the US): A day for giving thanks for the harvest and blessings of the past year.

7. National Holidays:

These vary by country and often commemorate significant events in the nation’s history. Examples include:

  • Independence Day (July 4 in the US)
  • Bastille Day (July 14 in France)
  • Canada Day (July 1 in Canada)

8. East Asian Holidays:

Chinese New Year (Lunar New Year): Marks the beginning of the Chinese lunar calendar. Also celebrated in other East Asian countries with variations.

Mid-Autumn Festival: Celebrated by Chinese and Vietnamese communities, this festival is marked by mooncakes and lanterns.

9. African Festivals:

Kwanzaa: A week-long celebration honoring African heritage in African-American culture.

10. Pagan and Seasonal Holidays:

Solstices and Equinoxes: Celebrations tied to the Earth’s cycles.

These are just a few examples of the major holidays celebrated around the world. The diversity and richness of these celebrations reflect the varied histories, beliefs, and traditions of different communities and cultures. Regardless of their origins, it bring people together, fostering a sense of unity, gratitude, and joy.

A Chart Table for Holidays

Creating a detailed chart table within this text-based platform can be a bit challenging, but I can provide a simplified table-like representation for the holidays mentioned above.

Holiday Category Holiday Name Date/Period
Christian Christmas

Easter Sunday

Good Friday

December 25

Varies (March or April)

Varies (March or April)

Islamic Eid ul-Fitr

Eid ul-Adha


Varies (Lunar Calendar)

Varies (Lunar Calendar)

Varies (Lunar Calendar)

Jewish Passover (Pesach)

Rosh Hashanah

Yom Kippur

Varies (Lunar Calendar)

Varies (Lunar Calendar)

Varies (Lunar Calendar)

Hindu Diwali


Varies (Lunar Calendar)

Varies (Lunar Calendar) Varies

Buddhist Holidays Vesak (Buddha Day) Varies (Lunar Calendar)
Secular Holidays New Year’s Day

Valentine’s Day



January 1

February 14

October 31

Fourth Thursday of November

National Holidays Independence Day (US)

Bastille Day (France)

Canada Day (Canada)

July 4

July 14

July 1

East Asian Holidays Chinese New Year

Mid-Autumn Festival

Varies (Lunar Calendar)

Varies (Lunar Calendar)

African Festivals Kwanzaa December 26 – January 1
Pagan & Seasonal Solstices and Equinoxes Varies (Solar Calendar)

This is a basic representation. Depending on the application, platform, or program you’re using, you can further beautify, format, and expand this table.

What are all the main holidays?
What are all the main holidays?

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) About Holidays

Here are some frequently asked questions (FAQs) about holidays:

  1. Why do holidays vary each year?

Many holidays are based on lunar calendars, which don’t align perfectly with the solar year. As a result, the dates of these holidays vary each year in the Gregorian calendar.

  1. Why is Christmas celebrated on December 25th?

The exact birth date of Jesus is not known. December 25th was chosen, possibly to coincide with existing pagan celebrations of the winter solstice.

  1. What is the difference between a public holiday and a national holiday?

A public holiday is a day when employees are given a day off by law. A national holiday is a day to commemorate a significant national event. All national holidays are typically public holidays, but not all public are national holidays.

  1. Why is Easter Sunday date variable?

Easter Sunday is based on the first Sunday following the first full moon after the vernal equinox, which makes its date variable each year.

  1. Why is Ramadan observed for a whole month?

Ramadan commemorates the month during which Muslims believe the Quran was revealed to Prophet Muhammad. During this month, Muslims fast from dawn to sunset.

  1. What’s the significance of lighting lamps during Diwali?

Diwali, the festival of lights, symbolizes the victory of light over darkness and good over evil. Lighting lamps is a way to honor this symbolism.

  1. Are holidays the same all around the world?

No. While some it, like New Year’s Day, are celebrated worldwide, many holidays are specific to countries, cultures, or religions.

  1. Why do some people work on holidays?

Essential services like hospitals, police, and fire departments remain operational even on it. Additionally, some businesses in sectors like retail and hospitality might remain open to cater to customers.

  1. Why are there different traditions for the same holiday in different countries?

Even when the same holiday is celebrated in different countries, regional cultures, histories, and customs can influence how it’s observed, leading to varied traditions.

  1. Can a new holiday be created?

Yes, governments or cultural groups can declare new holidays. For example, Juneteenth became a federal holiday in the U.S. in 2021 to commemorate the emancipation of enslaved African Americans.

These FAQs provide a glimpse into the diverse and rich tapestry it celebrates around the world.


Holidays, in their myriad forms and significances, are more than just days marked on a calendar for leisure or ritual observance. They are the embodiment of humanity’s shared histories, values, and aspirations. From the familial warmth of Christmas dinners to the solemn reflection during Yom Kippur, from the exuberance of Holi’s colors to the introspective moments of Ramadan, these are the milestones that punctuate our journey through time.

These special days serve as bridges, connecting generations through stories and traditions. They ground us in our past, remind us of who we are in the present, and often set a vision for the future. Whether secular or religious, national or global, every holiday carries with it the echoes of collective experiences, and the hope of unity and peace.

In an increasingly globalized world, understanding and respecting the significance of various holidays can pave the way for intercultural harmony and mutual respect. While the reasons and ways we celebrate might differ, the underlying emotions of joy, gratitude, hope, and reflection are universal. In essence, Federal Holidays illuminate the shared human experience, reminding us that despite our diverse backgrounds, many core values and feelings bind us together.


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